Country Snapshot

Population (2019, millions)¹ 0.85
Population Projections (2030, millions)¹ 1.1
Economically active population in agriculture (as % of Economically active population)12, 2019 146.1
Capital Moroni
Surface Area (km²)² 2,235 including Mayotte (374 km2)
Weather¹¹ Tropical; hot and humid in November-May; cooler and drier in May-October; weather in Moroni (altitude 59 metres): hottest month, March, 24-31°C; coldest month, August, 19-27°C; driest month, October, 84 mm average rainfall; wettest month, January, 424 mm average rainfall
Languages³ Official: Arabic, French and Shikomoro/ Comorian (blend of Swahili and Arabic)
Main Religions³ Main: Sunni MuslimOthers: Roman Catholic
Time⁴ Eastern Africa Time (EAT) +0300 UTC
Driving Orientation⁵ Right Side
Internet Country Code⁶ .km
Country Calling Code +269
Plug, Socket and Voltage⁷ Type C and E – 220V/50Hz
Currency Comorian Franc (KMF)
Exchange Rate (As of 22nd January 2019, per USD)⁸ 433.50
GDP at Market Prices (2018, current, millions of USD)⁹ 1,203
GDP Growth (2018, annual %)⁹ 2.8
Average GDP Growth (2014-2018, annual %)⁹ 2.1
GDP per Capita, PPP (2018, current international $)⁹ 2,827
Inflation, Consumer Prices (2014, annual %)⁹ 2.85
Average Inflation, Consumer Prices (2010-2014, annual %)⁹ 2.99
Total Reserves in Months of Imports (2012)⁹ 7.15

Sources:
¹United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
²COMESA Statistics, COMESTAT Data Hub.
³CIA World Factbook.
⁴Time and Date Portal.
⁵Chartsbin Portal, “Worldwide Driving Orientation by Country”.
⁶Wikipedia, “List of Internet top-level domains”; and, Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, Root Zone Database.
⁷International Electrotechnical Commission, World Plugs.
⁹World Bank, World Development Indicators 2019.
¹¹Economist Intelligence Unit.
¹²AFDB Socioeconomic Database

Population

Population Projections (millions)

Population (2019) 42.81
Population Projections (2030) 55.25

Source: United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

Population Residing in Urban Areas (%)

Population Projections (2019) 34.93
Percentage of Population Residing in Urban Areas (2030) 39.7

Source: United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

Youth Literacy Rates (2017, %)

Youth Literacy Rate, Population 15-24 Years, Both Sexes
Youth Literacy Rate, Population 15-24 Years, Female
Youth Literacy Rate, Population 15-24 Years, Male

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO Institute of Statistics.

Labour

Unemployment (2018, % of Total Labour Force)

Unemployment, Total 12.87
Unemployment, Female 23.22
Unemployment, Male 9.18

Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators 2019.

Labour Force (2017, % of Ages 15+)

Labour Force Participation Rate, Total 47.14
Labour Force Participation Rate, Female 24.53
Labour Force Participation Rate, Male 70.28
Labour Force, Total (number) 11,724,628

Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators 2019.

Economy Overview

GDP

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
GDP at Market Prices (current, billions of USD) 82.15 96.74 95.55 123.05 40.851
GDP Growth (annual %) 2.67 4.9 4.7 4.28 (2.32)

Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators 2019.

Value Added by Sector (% of GDP)

Indicator 2018 2019
Agriculture 37.35 37.89
Manufacturing 12.27 12.29
Industry 24.86 24.61
Services 56.80 56.49
Construction 5.58 5.47
Electricity, gas and water 0.98 0.94
Mining and quarrying 6.02 5.91
Education 0.00 0.00
Finance, real estate and business services 11.28 11.25
Public administration and Defense 7.45 7.30
Health and Social Work 0.00 0.00
Other services 1.31 1.37
Transport, storage and communication 17.14 17.10
Wholesale and retail trade, hotels and restaurants 20.67 20.50

Source: AFDB Socio Economic Database.

Trade Profile

Import Partners (USD ‘000)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
World 6,644,308 10,446,154 10,654,606 11,919,446 8,850,672
China 1,316,167 2,172,033 2,214,838 2,322,578 1,756,372
Saudi Arabia 344,884 477,072 541,636 722,193 966,065
India 560,422 774,104 705,072 836,051 817,880
United Arab Emirates 740,134 957,256 1,018,594 1,144,658 725,061
Japan 298,925 442,014 393,572 588,552 530,304

Source: COMTRADE Statistics.

Export Partners (USD ‘000)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
World 4,308,065 3,710,876 3,993,685 5,645,191 3,602,570
United Arab Emirates 1,265,239 219,077 1,274,495 2,455,928 992,849
China 2,041,748 180,516 502,774 1,706,923 735,108
Egypt 212,727 373,284 608,782 410,831 574,598
Saudi Arabia 325,427 857,287 532,538 230,257 550,054
India 36,141 230,278 112,601 46,680 97,303

Source: COMTRADE Statistics.

Sudan’s Top Import Products (USD ‘000)

Chapter Description 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
All products 6,644,308 10,446,154 10,654,606 11,919,446 8,850,672
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,098,158 1,045,262 715,027 881,477 1,206,188
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling-stock, and parts and accessories thereof 726,942 1,071,574 1,054,408 1,402,774 1,175,498
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 601,027 752,897 799,400 1,323,106 978,890
10 Cereals 389,246 567,230 2,056,475 1,796,599 617,422
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 275,238 566,189 515,620 1,161,763 587,480

Source: COMTRADE Statistics.

Sudan’s Top Export Products (USD ‘000)

Chapter Description 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
All products 4,308,065  3,710,876 3,993,685 5,645,191 3,602,570
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal, and articles thereof; imitation jewellery; coin 1,245,566 54,604 1,105,642 2,228,865 908,378
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruit; industrial or medical plants; straw and fodder 422,741 950,461 618,922 611,159 818,722
01 Live animals 374,668 765,557 726,010 463,480 759,805
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,902,928 1,009,002 424,326 1,581,403 509,492
52 Cotton 23,293 39,423 80,306 25,764 154,039

Source: COMTRADE Statistics.

Investment Profile

FDI Inflows (millions of USD)

Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
FDI Inflows 1,251 1,728 1,064 1,065 1,136

Source: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, World Investment Report 2019

FDI Inward Stock (millions of USD)

Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
FDI Inward Stock 22,675 24,404 25,467 26,614 27,669

Source: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, World Investment Report 2019

FDI Inflows Main Source Countries (in terms of number of projects)

UAE, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Lebanon, China, France, India, Kuwait, and Malaysia.

Source: Financial Times, fDi Markets, 2018

FDI Inflows Main Sectors (in terms of number of projects)

Financial Services, Financial Services, Coal, Oil and Natural Gas, Transportation, Business Services, Hotels and Tourism, Real Estate, Automotive OEM, Food and Tobacco, and Building and Construction Materials.

Source: Financial Times, fDi Markets, 2018

FDI Inflows Main Companies (in terms of number of projects)

Bank of Khartoum, Byblos Bank Africa, China National Petroleum (CNPC), ASEC Cement Holding (ACH), Barwa International, Hospitality Management Holdings, RAK Ceramics, Albaraka Banking Group (ABG), Pharmaoverseas, and Qatar National Bank Al Islami.

Source: Financial Times, fDi Markets, 2018

Doing Business

Overall Doing Business Ranking

2020 171/190
2019 162/190

Source: World Bank, Doing Business, 2020

Starting a Business

2020 Rank 157/190
Procedures (number) 9
Time (days) 34
Cost (% of income per capita*) 17.8
Paid-in Minimum Capital (% of income per capita*) 0.0

*GNI per capita used: USD 280
Source: World Bank, Doing Business, 2020

Paying Taxes

Paying Taxes

2020 Rank 164/190
Payments (number per year) 42
Time (hours per year) 180
Total Tax Rate (% of profit) 45.4
       Profit Tax (% of profit) 11.5
       Labor Tax and Contributions (% of profit) 19.2
       Other Taxes (% of profit) 14.7

Source: World Bank, Doing Business, 2020

Trading Across Borders

2020 Rank 185/190
Time to Export: Border Compliance (hours) 180
Cost to Export: Border Compliance (USD) 967
Time to Export: Documentary Compliance (hours) 190
Cost to Export: Documentary Compliance (USD) 428
Time to Import: Border Compliance (hours) 144
Cost to Import: Border Compliance (USD) 1,093
Time to Import: Documentary Compliance (hours) 132
Cost to Import: Documentary Compliance (USD) 420

Assumptions

Source: World Bank, Doing Business, 2020

Investment Regime

Legal Framework

The National Investment Encouragement Law of 2013.
Key guarantees in terms of investment protection include:

Source: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, iGuide Sudan..

Investment Incentives

Source: Sudan Ministry of Investment Online Portal

Country Snapshot

Population (2019, millions)¹ 0.85
Population Projections (2030, millions)¹ 1.1
Economically active population in agriculture (as % of Economically active population)12, 2019 146.1
Capital Moroni
Surface Area (km²)² 2,235 including Mayotte (374 km2)
Weather¹¹ Tropical; hot and humid in November-May; cooler and drier in May-October; weather in Moroni (altitude 59 metres): hottest month, March, 24-31°C; coldest month, August, 19-27°C; driest month, October, 84 mm average rainfall; wettest month, January, 424 mm average rainfall
Languages³ Official: Arabic, French and Shikomoro/ Comorian (blend of Swahili and Arabic)
Main Religions³ Main: Sunni MuslimOthers: Roman Catholic
Time⁴ Eastern Africa Time (EAT) +0300 UTC
Driving Orientation⁵ Right Side
Internet Country Code⁶ .km
Country Calling Code +269
Plug, Socket and Voltage⁷ Type C and E – 220V/50Hz
Currency Comorian Franc (KMF)
Exchange Rate (As of 22nd January 2019, per USD)⁸ 433.50
GDP at Market Prices (2018, current, millions of USD)⁹ 1,203
GDP Growth (2018, annual %)⁹ 2.8
Average GDP Growth (2014-2018, annual %)⁹ 2.1
GDP per Capita, PPP (2018, current international $)⁹ 2,827
Inflation, Consumer Prices (2014, annual %)⁹ 2.85
Average Inflation, Consumer Prices (2010-2014, annual %)⁹ 2.99
Total Reserves in Months of Imports (2012)⁹ 7.15

Sources:
¹United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
²COMESA Statistics, COMESTAT Data Hub.
³CIA World Factbook.
⁴Time and Date Portal.
⁵Chartsbin Portal, “Worldwide Driving Orientation by Country”.
⁶Wikipedia, “List of Internet top-level domains”; and, Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, Root Zone Database.
⁷International Electrotechnical Commission, World Plugs.
⁹World Bank, World Development Indicators 2019.
¹¹Economist Intelligence Unit.
¹²AFDB Socioeconomic Database

Population

Population Projections (millions)

Population (2019) 42.81
Population Projections (2030) 55.25

Source: United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

Population Residing in Urban Areas (%)

Population Projections (2019) 34.93
Percentage of Population Residing in Urban Areas (2030) 39.7

Source: United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

Youth Literacy Rates (2017, %)

Youth Literacy Rate, Population 15-24 Years, Both Sexes
Youth Literacy Rate, Population 15-24 Years, Female
Youth Literacy Rate, Population 15-24 Years, Male

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO Institute of Statistics.

Labour

Unemployment (2018, % of Total Labour Force)

Unemployment, Total 12.87
Unemployment, Female 23.22
Unemployment, Male 9.18

Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators 2019.

Labour Force (2017, % of Ages 15+)

Labour Force Participation Rate, Total 47.14
Labour Force Participation Rate, Female 24.53
Labour Force Participation Rate, Male 70.28
Labour Force, Total (number) 11,724,628

Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators 2019.

Economy Overview

GDP

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
GDP at Market Prices (current, billions of USD) 82.15 96.74 95.55 123.05 40.851
GDP Growth (annual %) 2.67 4.9 4.7 4.28 (2.32)

Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators 2019.

Value Added by Sector (% of GDP)

Indicator 2018 2019
Agriculture 37.35 37.89
Manufacturing 12.27 12.29
Industry 24.86 24.61
Services 56.80 56.49
Construction 5.58 5.47
Electricity, gas and water 0.98 0.94
Mining and quarrying 6.02 5.91
Education 0.00 0.00
Finance, real estate and business services 11.28 11.25
Public administration and Defense 7.45 7.30
Health and Social Work 0.00 0.00
Other services 1.31 1.37
Transport, storage and communication 17.14 17.10
Wholesale and retail trade, hotels and restaurants 20.67 20.50

Source: AFDB Socio Economic Database.

Trade Profile

Import Partners (USD ‘000)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
World 6,644,308 10,446,154 10,654,606 11,919,446 8,850,672
China 1,316,167 2,172,033 2,214,838 2,322,578 1,756,372
Saudi Arabia 344,884 477,072 541,636 722,193 966,065
India 560,422 774,104 705,072 836,051 817,880
United Arab Emirates 740,134 957,256 1,018,594 1,144,658 725,061
Japan 298,925 442,014 393,572 588,552 530,304

Source: COMTRADE Statistics.

Export Partners (USD ‘000)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
World 4,308,065 3,710,876 3,993,685 5,645,191 3,602,570
United Arab Emirates 1,265,239 219,077 1,274,495 2,455,928 992,849
China 2,041,748 180,516 502,774 1,706,923 735,108
Egypt 212,727 373,284 608,782 410,831 574,598
Saudi Arabia 325,427 857,287 532,538 230,257 550,054
India 36,141 230,278 112,601 46,680 97,303

Source: COMTRADE Statistics.

Sudan’s Top Import Products (USD ‘000)

Chapter Description 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
All products 6,644,308 10,446,154 10,654,606 11,919,446 8,850,672
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,098,158 1,045,262 715,027 881,477 1,206,188
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling-stock, and parts and accessories thereof 726,942 1,071,574 1,054,408 1,402,774 1,175,498
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 601,027 752,897 799,400 1,323,106 978,890
10 Cereals 389,246 567,230 2,056,475 1,796,599 617,422
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 275,238 566,189 515,620 1,161,763 587,480

Source: COMTRADE Statistics.

Sudan’s Top Export Products (USD ‘000)

Chapter Description 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
All products 4,308,065  3,710,876 3,993,685 5,645,191 3,602,570
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal, and articles thereof; imitation jewellery; coin 1,245,566 54,604 1,105,642 2,228,865 908,378
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruit; industrial or medical plants; straw and fodder 422,741 950,461 618,922 611,159 818,722
01 Live animals 374,668 765,557 726,010 463,480 759,805
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,902,928 1,009,002 424,326 1,581,403 509,492
52 Cotton 23,293 39,423 80,306 25,764 154,039

Source: COMTRADE Statistics.

Investment Profile

FDI Inflows (millions of USD)

Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
FDI Inflows 1,251 1,728 1,064 1,065 1,136

Source: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, World Investment Report 2019

FDI Inward Stock (millions of USD)

Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
FDI Inward Stock 22,675 24,404 25,467 26,614 27,669

Source: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, World Investment Report 2019

FDI Inflows Main Source Countries (in terms of number of projects)

UAE, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Lebanon, China, France, India, Kuwait, and Malaysia.

Source: Financial Times, fDi Markets, 2018

FDI Inflows Main Sectors (in terms of number of projects)

Financial Services, Financial Services, Coal, Oil and Natural Gas, Transportation, Business Services, Hotels and Tourism, Real Estate, Automotive OEM, Food and Tobacco, and Building and Construction Materials.

Source: Financial Times, fDi Markets, 2018

FDI Inflows Main Companies (in terms of number of projects)

Bank of Khartoum, Byblos Bank Africa, China National Petroleum (CNPC), ASEC Cement Holding (ACH), Barwa International, Hospitality Management Holdings, RAK Ceramics, Albaraka Banking Group (ABG), Pharmaoverseas, and Qatar National Bank Al Islami.

Source: Financial Times, fDi Markets, 2018

Doing Business

Overall Doing Business Ranking

2020 171/190
2019 162/190

Source: World Bank, Doing Business, 2020

Starting a Business

2020 Rank 157/190
Procedures (number) 9
Time (days) 34
Cost (% of income per capita*) 17.8
Paid-in Minimum Capital (% of income per capita*) 0.0

*GNI per capita used: USD 280
Source: World Bank, Doing Business, 2020

Paying Taxes

Paying Taxes

2020 Rank 164/190
Payments (number per year) 42
Time (hours per year) 180
Total Tax Rate (% of profit) 45.4
       Profit Tax (% of profit) 11.5
       Labor Tax and Contributions (% of profit) 19.2
       Other Taxes (% of profit) 14.7

Source: World Bank, Doing Business, 2020

Trading Across Borders

2020 Rank 185/190
Time to Export: Border Compliance (hours) 180
Cost to Export: Border Compliance (USD) 967
Time to Export: Documentary Compliance (hours) 190
Cost to Export: Documentary Compliance (USD) 428
Time to Import: Border Compliance (hours) 144
Cost to Import: Border Compliance (USD) 1,093
Time to Import: Documentary Compliance (hours) 132
Cost to Import: Documentary Compliance (USD) 420

Assumptions

Source: World Bank, Doing Business, 2020

Investment Regime

Legal Framework

The National Investment Encouragement Law of 2013.
Key guarantees in terms of investment protection include:

Source: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, iGuide Sudan..

Investment Incentives

Source: Sudan Ministry of Investment Online Portal